Many wonderful new inventions, gizmos, and gadgets were revelated in 2005. Nano circuitry, robotic assistants, and autonomous cards provided a bright view of the future. Meanwhile, virtual crime sprees and computer viruses hinted at the technological troubles that were ahead. However, it turns out that 2005 was a good year for technology.
In 2005, 15.7 of the world population was using the Internet.
Advancements of the Technology in 2005
Today, we’re going to have a look at the most anticipated product launches that happened this year. We will name the most unexpected achievements in 2005.
Introduction of YouTube
Distributing videos in 2005 was expensive and difficult. All of this changed when YouTube made internet videos free for everyone.
YouTube was launched by three former employees of the company PayPal – Jawed Karim, Chad Hurley, and Steve Chen. The initial idea was an online dating service that failed in the end but had a brilliant video and uploading platform. After the creators noticed that this type of platform didn’t exist on the Internet, they made the changes to YouTube and made it the first dominant video-sharing platform.
“Me at the zoo” was the name of the first video on youtube, which starred co-founder Jawed Karim. This video currently has over 8 million likes and over 170 million views.
Shortly after YouTube launched, it was getting more than two million video views every day.
Development of Hadoop
Hadoop is an open-source framework that is written in Java for processing and storing huge datasets. It was created by Apache Software Foundation in 2005. Its co-founders were Mike Cafarella and Doug Cutting.
The most common use of Hadoop, as well as the reason for why it was designed, is for computer clusters built from commodity hardware. It was used by many large corporations where fault tolerance, cost-effectiveness, and networked scalability were critical to their business models. Hadoop was used by Twitter, IBM, American Airlines, Yahoo, and Google.
Beginning of Arduino
Arduino is an open-source software and hardware company, project, and user community that manufactures and designs microcontroller kits and single-board microcontrollers for building digital devices.
The name of the project originated from a bar that was in Italy, more specifically, Ivrea. The bar was called Arduin of Ivrea. This was the bar where the founders of the project used to meet. The founders of the project were David Mellis, Gianluca Martino, Tom Igoe, David Cuartielles, and Massimo Banzi.
The Arduino project began as a tool for students at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea in Italy. The first Arduino board helped students who had no previous experience in microcontroller programming or electronics to the working prototypes connecting the digital and the physical world.
It aimed to provide an easy and low-cost way for professionals and novices to create devices that interact with the environment using actuators and sensors. Common examples of these devices were motion detectors, thermostats, and simple robots.
IBM’s PC Business Is Acquired by Lenovo
In 1981, IBM launched its PC. However, almost a quarter-century after, they became simply another player in a marketplace that is crowded. The largest manufacturer of PCs in China, Lenovo, purchased IBM’s PC business in 2005.
By doing this, Lenovo gained access to the ThinkPad line of computers and sales force that IBM had. With this acquisition, Lenovo became the largest manufacturer of personal computers on Earth, and it later also bought IBM’s server line of computers.
The DARPA “Grand Challenge”
The 2005 DARPA “Grand Challenge” held near Las Vegas was won by the Stanford Racing Team’s autonomous vehicle “Stanley.” The autonomous vehicle, a Volkswagen Tuareg R5, managed to finish the challenge without human intervention in less than 7 hours, which was well before the 10-hour limit.
The vehicle was driving autonomously on a 175-mile long desert course off-road. The Stanford Racing Team earned $2 million for winning the challenge. The DARPA challenge aimed to generate innovation and spur interest in the area of self-driving cars.
The Columbia Supercomputer
The Columbia was a supercomputer that was built for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The supercomputer was built by Silicon Graphics, and it was installed at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing facility.
Columbia was named in honor of the space shuttle, which broke up on re-entry. It was used in astrophysics, ocean and weather modeling, as well as space vehicle analysis. When introduced, it was listed as the second-fastest supercomputer in the world.
Launch of Reddit
Reddit is a discussion website, web content rating, and social news aggregation.
College roommates Alexis Ohanian and Steve Huffman thought of the idea and itinually developed Reddit. However, Ohanian and Huffman left Reddit in 2009 and went to other ventures. After they left, Erik Martin, who was community manager in the company, played a crucial role in the growth of Reddit.
Over the years, Reddit has exploded with users. It currently has 52 million daily active users and over 50 billion monthly views.
Honorable Mentions For 2005
Some other events we don’t want to forget to mention are:
- Apple announced its plans to switch its machines to Intel processors.
- Jeffrey Parson was convicted for the Blaster computer worm, a computer worm that spreads on computers running operating systems Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
- The Qi programming language was introduced.
- The “This Week in Tech” show by Leo Laporte started airing. Often referred to as TwiT, this show features debates and round-table discussions around current technology news.
- Dailymotion, a French video-sharing technology platform which was owned by Vivendi, came online.
- Apple introduced the Mac Mini, an SFF-class desktop computer that used PowerPC G4 processors.
- Etsy, a global online market, was introduced. It was founded by a group of friends, including an amateur furniture maker called Robert Kalin, who was looking for a way to sell his products online.
- Apple enabled iPod users to listen to podcasts. Apple took podcasting mainstream by building it right into iTunes.
Rather than the introduction of brand-new technologies, 2005 mostly saw a number of established technologies come of age. These technologies were innovative nevertheless, and they peaked in 2005. If you think that 2005 was a big year for technology, you should wait and see what 2006 will bring.